Beatriz Reguera

Profesora de investigación



Beatriz Reguera is a Senior Scientist at the Harmful Microalgae Group of the IEO Oceanographic Centre in Vigo (NW Spain). She enjoyed in her early career days two scholarships from the British Council in CEFAS (Aquaculture Department, Lowestoft, UK, 3 months in 1980-1981) and at the University of East Anglia (School of Environmental Sciences, UEA, Norwich, UK, October 1982-December 1983). Since 1984 she settled in the IEO-Vigo Centre and focused her plankton expertise on the investigation and management of toxin-producing microalgae events. Over 25 years of experience in phytoplankton ecology with focus on Harmful Algal Blooms characterization of toxic species, population dynamics, physiology and monitoring. In the last decade has focused her research on plankton species (Dinophysis spp.) that cause Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning  (DSP) events, the main cause of lengthy shellfish harvesting closures in Atlantic coastal waters in Europe.

She has published over 100 articles on the above mentioned issues in national and SCI international journals, worked as principal investigator (PI) in national and European Union funded projects and supervised master and PhD students. Member of the editorial board of Harmful Algae (Elsevier) and frequent reviewer of articles for other plankton-related SCI journals. She has also worked as editor/coeditor of HAB Conference proceedings and manuals.

Spanish delegate at the IOC Intergovernmental Panel on Harmful Algal Blooms (IPHAB) (Chair 2002-2006); member of the SCOR-IOC GEOHAB Scientific Steering Committee (2002-2006); member (Spain) of the ICES-IOC Working Group on HAB Dynamics (Chair 1992-1996). Council member of the International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae (ISSHA), Vice-president (2004-2008) and President (2008 to date). She had an active role in the establishment of the IOC-IEO Science and Communication Centre on Harmful Algae (Vigo, 1996-2011), has worked as consultant for United Nations agencies (FAO, IAEA, IOC) in Latin America and Northern Africa and in training courses sponsored by these agencies. In 2011 she received an IOC 50thAnniversary Medal in recognition for outstanding contribution to the international HAB programme.



Books and Manuals

Reguera, B. J. Blanco, M.L. Fernández and T. Wyatt (Eds) (1998). Harmful Microalgae. Xunta de Galicia and IOC of UNESCO Publishers, 650 pp. (ISBN 84-453-2166-8)

Garcés, E., A. Zingone, M. Montresor, B. Reguera & B. Dale, 2002. LIFEHAB: Life histories of microalgal species causing harmful algal blooms. Research in Enclosed Seas -12, EUR 20361, Luxemburg, 214 pp.

Sar, E, M. Ferrario & B. Reguera. 2002. Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Inst. Esp. Oceanogr., Vigo (España), 311 pp. (ISBN 84-95877-01-5)

Villalba, A., Reguera, B., Romalde, J.L. and Beiras, R. (2003). Molluscan Shellfish Safety. Consellería de Pesca e Asuntos Marítimos da Xunta de Galicia and IOC of UNESCO, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 620 pp. (ISBN  84-453-3638-X)

Gentien, P., B. Reguera, H. Yamazaki, L. Fernand, E. Berdalet, R. Raine (Eds.). GEOHAB 2008. Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms, GEOHAB Core Research Project: HABs in Stratified Systems. IOC and SCOR, Paris, France, and Newark, Delaware, USA, 59 pp. ISSN 1538 182X.

Reguera, B., Alonso, R., Moreira, A., Méndez, S. 2011. Guía para el diseño y puesta en marcha de un plan de seguimiento de microalgas productoras de toxinas. IOC of UNESCO and IAEA, Paris and Viena 2011. IOC Manuals and Guides 59 (Spanish only).

Publications in SCI Journals 

Velo-Suárez, L., González-Gil, S., Pazos, Y., Reguera, B. 2013. The growth season of Dinophysis acuminata in an upwelling system embayment: a conceptual model based on in situ measurements. Deep Sea Research II 10.1016/j.drs2 2013.03.033

Reguera, B., Velo-Suárez, L., Raine, R., Park, M.G. 2012. Harmful Dinophysis species: a review. Harmful Algae 14, 87–106.

Trainer, V.L., Pitcher, G.C., Reguera, B., Smayda, T.J. 2010. The distribution and impacts of harmful algal bloom species in eastern boundary upwelling systems. Prog. Oceanogr. 85: 33-52.

Velo-Suárez L, Reguera, B., Garcés, E., Wyatt, T. 2009.Vertical distribution of division rates in coastal dinoflagellate Dinophysis spp. populations: implications for modelling. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 385: 87- 96.

Pizarro-Nova G., Escalera, L., González-Gil, S., Franco, J.M., Reguera, B. 2008. Growth, behaviour and cell toxin quota of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg during a daily cycle. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 353: 89-105.

Velo Suárez, L., González-Gil, S., Gentien, P., Lunven, M., Bechemin, C., Fernand, L., Raine, R., Reguera, B. 2008. Thin layers of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and the fate of Dinophysis acuminata during an upwelling-downwelling cycle in a Galician Ría. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5): 1816-1834.

Raho, N., Pizarro, G., Escalera, L., Reguera, B., Marín, I. 2008. Morphology, toxin composition and molecular analysis of Dinophysis ovum Schütt, a dinoflagellate of the “Dinophysis acuminata complex” Harmful Algae 7(6): 839-848.

Reguera, B., E. Garcés, I. Bravo, Y. Pazos, I. Ramilo & S. González-Gil. 2003. In situ division rates of several species of Dinophysis estimated by a postmitotic index. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 249:117-131.

Culverhouse, P.F., Williams, R., Reguera, B., Herry, V., González-Gil, S. 2003. Do experts make mistakes? A comparison of human and machine labelling of dinoflagellates. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 247:17-25.

Reguera, B., and González-Gil, S. 2001. Small cell and intermediate cell formation in species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales). J. Phycol. 37:318-333.

Reguera B., I. Bravo and S.Fraga. 1995. Autoecology and some life cycle stages of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenbergh. J. Plank. Res. 17 (5): 999-1115.

Maneiro, I., Frangópulos, M., Guisande, C., Fernández, M.L., Reguera, B., Riveiro, I. 2000. Zooplankton as a potential transmission vector of Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning  toxins through the food web. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 201:155-163

Flynn, K.J., Flynn, K., John, E.H., Reguera, B., Reyero, M.I., Franco, J.M. 1996. Changes in toxins, intracellular and dissolved free aminoacids of the toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum in response to changes in inorganic nutrients and salinity.  J. Plank. Res. 18(11): 2093-2111.

Franco, J.M., Fernández, P., Reguera, B. 1994. The toxin profiles of natural populations and cultures of Alexandrium minutum Halim from Galician coastal waters. J. Appl. Phycol. 6: 275-279.

Anderson, D.M., Sullivan, J.J., Reguera, B. 1989. Paralytic shellfish poisoning in NW Spain: the toxicity of the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatumToxicon., 27(6):665-674.



Applied Simulations and Integrated Modelling for the Understanding of Toxic and Harmful Algal Blooms (ASIMUTH) 2010-2013. EU, 7FP (Space) Grant Agreement 261860

Participantes: DOMMRS, Cork and Marine Institute, Galway (Ireland), IFREMER. Brest (France); IEO-Vigo and A Coruña (Spain); SAMS, Oban (UK); IST and IPIMAR, Lisbon (Portugal); plus 4 small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Microarray detection of Toxic Algae (MIDTAL). 2008-2012. UE, 7FP, (Environment 7-1), Grant agreement 201724

Participants: MBA of the UK (Coordinator) and Univ. of Westminster (UK); SZN (Italy); University of Ireland in Galway and Queens Univ. of Belfast (Ireland); IEO-Vigo and INTECMAR (Spain); Univ. Oslo (Norway); Univ. Kalmar (Sweden);); Univ. Rhode Istand (USA).

Harmful Algal Blooms in Thin Layers (HABIT). 2005-2008.EU, 6PM, 003932 (GOCE).

University of Ireland in Galway (Coordinator); IFREMER (France); IEO-Vigo (Spain); CEFAS (UK).

Physical-biological interactions in populations of Dinophysis (PHYCODISIS). 2005-2008

MEC, National Plan, CTM2004-0478-CO3-01.

Participants: IEO-Vigo; INTECMAR-Xunta de Galicia; CBM, UAM (Madrid)

Networking to Mitigate the Effects of Dinophysis in Aquaculture (NEMEDA). 2002-2004

EU-INTERREG, 3b #46.

Participants: University of Ireland in Galway (Coordinator); IFREMER (France); IEO-Vigo and IIM-CSIC (Spain) and IPIMAR-Lisbon (Portugal) .

Biology of DSP agent dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis: Morphological variability, genetics and toxicity (Dinophysis 2000). 2000-2003. National Plan, CICYT, MAR 99-0224.

Participants: IEO-Vigo; IIM-CSIC, Vigo; EU Reference Laboratory on Marine Biotoxins, ICM-CSIC, Barcelona; CBM, UAM (Madrid); Institute of Aquaculture IRTA (Tarragona).